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The Golgotha Cross or Suppedaneum Cross featured in this collection was the standard cross for early orthodox Christianity. This design was popular from the 12th century to the 18th century. The top bar on this cross represents the title-board which Pontius Pilate ordered to be hung over Christ's head. The middle bar is that on which Christ's hands were nailed. The slanted lower bar represents the footrest of Christ. To the left and right of the cost the letters IC and XC can be made out which stand for the first and last letters of Christ's name in Greek. Under the footrest, though worn down from many years of use, are four Slavonic letters with abbreviations that mean "the place of the skull, where Adam was", and above the title-board the worn remnants of Slavonic letters meaning "King of Glory" still remain.
The crosses in this collection are all molded and cast from original Russian Golgotha Crosses dating between the 1400's and the 1700's. Each piece is created, sanded, and finished by hand ensuring that you will receive a quality product that will last for years to come. Please keep in mind that as with all hand crafted products slight variation will occur from piece to piece. We at FOUR hope you enjoy these pieces of history as we have!